2. Planning Roadmap

To ensure that ID systems meet national goals and reflect local needs and constraints, practitioners should adopt an outcome-based and context-specific approach to making policy and design decisions. Specifically, this should include an analysis of the following:

  • Status quo—What ID systems are currently operating within the country and what are their strengths and weaknesses?

  • Vision—What are the main goals of creating a new (or improving an old) ID system, and how will it benefit people, the government, and the private sector?

  • Constraints—What are the anticipated obstacles or challenges to the planned ID system?

  • Costs and benefits—What are the anticipated financial impacts of the planned ID system?

  • Risks—What are the potential risks of planned ID systems related to privacy, security, and exclusion?

The remainder of this section guides practitioners through each of these topics and references core ID4D planning tools to assist with these exercises, including:

  • ID4D Diagnostic—Guidelines for evaluating the ID ecosystem and strengths and weaknesses of existing ID systems.

  • ID-Enabling Environment Assessment (IDEEA)—Checklist and guidelines for evaluating the legal, regulatory, and policy framework for ID.

  • Costing model—Spreadsheet and guidance note for estimating the price tag of ID systems based on country characteristics and design choices.

  • Public Sector Savings—Framework for assessing opportunities for fiscal savings in the public sector

  • Private Sector Savings—Discussion of potential channels for private-sector savings and revenue generation from ID system.

  • End-user research toolkit (pre-publication)—Toolkit for implementing qualitative end-user research to understand people’s needs, barriers, and concerns regarding identification.

  • Procurement checklist (pre-publication)—Detailed checklist and guidelines for issuing and evaluating RFPs for ID systems.