A country's level of development and ID coverage tend to be positively associated:

40% of the population in low-income economies is estimated to lack an officially recognized ID compared to

20% in lower middle-income economies and just 5% in upper middle income economies.

To close the global identification gap, governments and development partners need to understand the scale of the challenge. With that in mind, ID4D developed the first calculated global estimate of the population without an officially recognized proof of identity. The ID4D Global Dataset’s 2018 edition shows that 1 billion people around the globe still struggle to prove their identity and, as a result, may face difficulties in exercising their rights and accessing basic services. Read Blog

The Global Dataset is updated annually and was developed using a combination of publicly available data, such as birth registration and voter registration rates, and self-reported data from country authorities. For the 2018 edition, 40 countries have provided direct administrative data about the number of people registered in their ID systems a record number. In addition to providing quantitative estimates on the number and share of the unregistered population globally, the Global Dataset also collates relevant qualitative information, such as details on the agencies and ministries responsible, laws governing civil identification and data protection, and the prevalence of digital systems.